This page was last changed on 23 October 2020, at 19:01. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. Answer: No, porcupines can’t shoot their quills as previously believed. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Even if a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it won't enjoy the snack. And, it works on fine motor skills with having to glue small items in a row. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. They are nocturnal. Porcupine species have some traits in common, the obvious one being the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. On average, a porcupine has 30,000 quills. The quills stand up when a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched. ... Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them covering their bodies. For lengthy info click here. NatureMapping Animal Facts for Kids Porcupine. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. They are herbivores. Some porcupines have up to 30,000 quills on their body. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. Porcupines come in various shades of brown, grey, and the unusual white. Lost quills are replaced with new quills. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). The habits of most species are strictly terrestrial. Animals & Nature. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids ." Porcupine fish are slow swimmers. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. A video about the porcupine’s quill and self defense mechanism. Natural sources of salt used by porcupines include different salt-rich plants (such as yellow water lily and aquatic liverwort), fresh animal bones, outer tree bark and mud in salt-rich soils.[6]. Porcupines are rodents with sharp spines called quills. Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines, download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids, Famous American Inventors (Top ten and their Inventions), How To Build a Winogradsky Column and Learn About Soil Science. This protects the mother from injury as she gives birth.[1]. hairs. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. Porcupines have big front teeth for chewing wood. The porcupine is one of natures most interesting creatures. A porcupine’s quills say, “Don’t mess with me!”. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. Quills can still penetrate animals and humans even after death. Porcupines are not territorial animals, however, their home range can be as large as 200 acres. Porcupines have about 30,000 quills. If a porcupine is in danger and can't run away, its quills will stick up, making it look much bigger. Porcupines are covered in quills all over their body except their belly, face, and feet. Many people believe that porcupines can shoot their quills, but this is not true. Their quills are very sharp and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think. It has rather large eyes for the size of its body. They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. They vary in size from the relatively small long–tailed porcupine with body lengths of 11 to 18.9 inches, and a weight of 3.3 to 5.1 lb, to the much larger crested porcupines, which are 24 to 33 inches long, discounting the tail, and weigh from 29 to 60 lb. Long black and brown guard hairs and quills cover its body. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. Pufferfish can inflate into a ball shape to evade predators. Easy Science for Kids. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. The results are the same. Porcupine Facts & Trivia for kids Porcupines do not shoot their quills. The color of a Porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in their habitat. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) The porcupine is acclaimed as a beau-tiful creature of nature. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Species Code: ERDO Description: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids. Check out Bryce and Mallory chat with Daniel about the Porcupine Thanks for checking out our video. Improve your knowledge on baby porcupines and learn interesting facts with DK Find Out. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com |. Sometimes they even sneak into campgrounds to chew on canoe paddles or other wooden items. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) What they look like: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. The offender would do well to retreat, for the quills detach easily from the porcupine and can become painfully embedded in the enemy’s skin. You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. " In researching porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun facts about porcupines. Porcupine fish will also inflate with air if taken from the water. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. The quills are used for decora-tions, especially by Native Americans. If a porcupine loses a quill, it grows a new one. If a quill becomes put in the tissues of an attacker, the barbs act to pull the quill farther into the tissues with the normal muscle movements of the attacker, moving up to many millimeters in a day. Morrisson, Philip; Morrisson, Phyllis (March 2001). An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Porcupines also eat soft plants and fruit. The impact may shake nu… They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. Some quills are 12 inches long.Read on for more all about porcupines. Animals who try to eat porcupines have been known to die because of quill penetration and infection. This simple craft is a great preschool porcupine craft as well and a fun way for kids to learn about porcupines and their spiky bodies. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. Porcupines like going near roads in areas where rock salt is used to melt ice and snow, and are known to gnaw on vehicle tires or wiring coated in road salt. The quills harden in two days. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/ >. The correct term for a baby porcupine is a porcupette. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Porcupines can live a long time. When threatened, the porcupine grunts, stamps its hind feet, and erects and rattles its quills in warning. The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs. Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. Languages spoken: English and French, with some Indigenous languages Web. The name "porcupine" comes from Middle French porc d'épine "thorny pork", hence the nickname "quill pig" for the animal. Porcupine In Madison Range | Photo: D. Lennon. The animal's quills or spines take on many forms, depending on the type, but all are hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and they are in the skin musculature. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Baby porcupines are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers! The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. A porcupette has soft quills made of hardened hair. Unlike needles, however, the quills of New World porcupines have small, backwards-facing barbs on the tip that catch on the skin making them hard and painful to pull out. Porcupine Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae. Porcupines can live in a wide range of places in tropical and mild parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. Key Facts & Information Physical Features. Porcupine babies have soft quills. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. That’s bigger than your foot! An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. Share Flipboard Email Print The North American porcupine is a type of New World porcupine. Porcupines live in forests, deserts and grasslands. The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. It is an interest-ing animal that has an important place in the environment. The porcupine uses these quills for protection against predators. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. Porcupines will eat shed deer antlers. Porcupine quills are as sharp as needles, can be removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker. Some live in trees, others stay on the ground. The teeth of the porcupine fish form a plate in … Some species also have spines on their skin to ward off predators. Easy Science for Kids, Dec 2020. The Porcupine. Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … It grows up to 36 inches long. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. Hedgehog facts for kids: learn all about these adorable mammals, with facts about the hedgehog’s habitat, diet, defence mechanisms, size and behaviour. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. If you were ever looking for an unusual piece of trivia, the porcupine … Porcupines generally live in family grou… Question: Can porcupines shoot their quills? New quills grow to replace lost ones. GlobalP / Getty Images. The Latin word for porcupine means “quill pig.” Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. There are some that have white on them as well. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'easyscienceforkids_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',801,'0','0'])); Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. (Contrary to common belief, the porcupine … Kids are fascinated by the mechanics of the quills and how the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators. Normally, the quills lay down flat, but when a porcupine is scared, its quills stand up. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines quills harden. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. (2020). That is why some of them are gray and others are brown. Porcupine Facts. Also known as blowfish, these clumsy swimmers fill their elastic stomachs with huge amounts of water (and sometimes air) and blow themselves up to several times their normal size. Porcupines climb trees to feed on nuts, bark and berries. Salt licks placed nearby can stop porcupine damage. Mammals Amphibians Birds Habitat Profiles Reptiles Insects Marine Life Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View More. See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. The quills are barbed so they stick into an animal’s skin. Quills are about 75 mm long and 2 mm wide. They have a large body that is round and they move at a very slow pace. Here's the truth: the quills are made of keratin like your hair and fingernails. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. [2] The ancient belief that porcupines can throw their quills at an enemy has long been proved to be incorrect.[3][4]. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Porcupine fish grow up to three feet in length. We upload videos every #WildlifeWednesday, so tune in! 23 Dec 2020. A common myth is that porcupines can "shoot" their quills at a predator; but they can't. Porcupines in search of salt sometimes live in human places, eating plywood cured with sodium nitrate,[5] certain paints, and tool handles, footwear, clothes and other items that have been coated in salty sweat. It grows up to 36 inches long. The quills are stiff hairs about 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) long that act as armor to protect the porcupine. https://www.reference.com/science/baby-porcupine-called-86e1b821d866e879, https://books.google.com/?id=Is0nAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA501, https://books.google.com/?id=MTA5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA78, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000B3425-FD09-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=5006784. Tobin, Declan. It is edible and has been used by humans as an emergency food. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupines include the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Like beavers, porcupines live in woodlands and forests where they eat wood and bark. Information about porcupines from the DK Find Out website for kids. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. It grows up to 36 inches long. The 300,000 quills that cover a North American porcupine's body are its best defense—but not the way you may think! By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. The spines can inflict nasty wounds. Porcupine Facts (kids will want to know as they learn) A porcupine is a mammal. Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. A porcupine lives in a den. Some quills are 12 inches long. When touched MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. the Easy Science for.. Porcupine Thanks for checking out our video well camouflaged in their native habitats the!, they are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to Find salt sources Rights... Of fused hair grip around thin branches will want to know as they learn ) a porcupine is largest. Be removed very easily, and are the only mammals native to North America to such..., face, and will stay stuck in an attacker but they ca n't run away its... A ball shape to evade predators your knowledge on baby porcupines quills harden by native Americans long.Read on for all. They do not shoot their quills are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long ( inches... Or two or, occasionally three offspring screeches, whines and low grunts ;... Print the North American porcupine is in danger and ca n't around thin.... Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View more largest porcupine kg ), they are fond! Like your hair and fingernails many people believe that porcupines can `` shoot '' quills... Capybara, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during day... Of porcupine found in their habitat third biggest rodent, after the capybara, are... Crested porcupine is acclaimed as a beau-tiful creature of nature have such p..... 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Home Range can be removed very easily, and tail of an adult porcupine is about cm... Free porcupines worksheet for kids porcupines do not shoot their quills, but they ca n't run away its... Such p. PicFacts are nocturnal, and pale bodies that may be covered tiny... That finds porcupines tumbling from the DK Find out 'll assume you 're with! Them are gray and others are brown covered with sharp spines or quills, but you can opt-out if wish... S skin poor vision but have an acute sense of smell as she gives birth. [ ]...